Greendale Communicable Disease Control

Communicable Disease Control


                                     Wisconsin Outbreaks
                                For information on outbreaks and Investigations visit:

  Outbreaks in Wisconsin

Updated  04/18/2022
                                      U.S.-Based Outbreaks

                          Recent investigations reported on CDC.gov

Updated 04/18/2022

                               International Outbreaks

Updated 04/18/2022

 

                             

 International Travel  

Please see the Travelers’ Health site for a complete list. 
Travel notices are designed to inform travelers and clinicians about current health issues related to specific international destinations. These issues may arise from disease outbreaks, special events or gatherings, and natural disasters that may affect travelers’ health. 

For country-specific information about Safety and Security, visit the US Department of State Travel Advisories page.

For country-specific information about weather conditions, visit the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) International Weather Selector webpage.

For a list of all Zika virus travel notices by region, visit Zika travel information.

                                                                                                 

                                                         Types Travel of Notices

Warning Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel to this destination. High risk to travelers, no precaution available to protect against the identified increased risk.

Alert Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions for this destination. Travel Notice describes additional precautions added, or defines a specific at-risk population, to protect against this identified increased risk.

Watch Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions-Reminder to follow usual precautions for this destination, as described in the Travel Notice and/or on CDC’s Travelers’ Health website. Usual precautions, may include being up to date on all recommended   vaccines and practicing appropriate mosquito avoidance. Usual precautions are  best possible protection against the identified increased risk.    

                 Travel Notices Affecting International Travelers                                                     

                              Please see the Travelers’ Health site for a complete list.

Warning Level 3, Avoid Nonessential Travel

  • Health Infrastructure Breakdown in VenezuelaSeptember 30, 2021CDC recommends that travelers avoid all nonessential travel to Venezuela. The country is experiencing outbreaks of infectious diseases, and adequate health care is currently not available in most of the country.Read More >>

Alert Level 2, Practice Enhanced Precautions

  • Polio in Asia and Eastern EuropeMarch 21, 2022Everyone should be fully vaccinated against poliovirus according to schedule.Read More >>
  • Polio in AfricaMarch 21, 2022Everyone should be fully vaccinated against poliovirus according to schedule. Before travel to any high-risk destination, CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine.Read More >>
  • Yellow Fever in GhanaDecember 14, 2021Since October 2021, there has been a yellow fever outbreak in Ghana with numerous cases, including some deaths, in the following regions: Savannah, Upper West, Bono, and Oti.Read More >>
  • Yellow Fever in NigeriaSeptember 30, 2021There is an outbreak of yellow fever in Nigeria. Travelers to Nigeria should take steps to prevent yellow fever by getting vaccinated at least 10 days before travel and taking steps to prevent mosquito bites.Read More >>

Watch Level 1, Practice Usual Precautions

  • Measles in AfghanistanMarch 17, 2022There is an outbreak of measles in Afghanistan. Cases have been reported in all provinces, with the highest rates occurring in Paktya, Balkh, Kunduz, Zabul, Kandahar, and Logar.Read More >>
  • Lassa Fever in NigeriaMarch 15, 2022There is an outbreak of Lassa fever in Nigeria in Ondo, Edo, Bauchi, Ebonyi, Kogi, Taraba, Enugu, Benue, Gombe, Nasarawa, and Delta States.Read More >>
  • Measles in AfricaMarch 04, 2022Some countries in Africa are reporting increased numbers of cases (outbreaks) of measles. All travelers to Africa, including infants and pre-school aged children, should be fully vaccinated against measles, according to CDC immunization schedules.Read More >>
  • Dengue in Asia and the Pacific IslandsFebruary 23, 2022Dengue is a risk in many parts of Asia and the Pacific Islands. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to Asia and the Pacific Islands can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites.Read More >>
  • Dengue in the AmericasDecember 30, 2021Dengue is a risk in many parts of Central and South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to the Americas can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites.Read More >>
  • Monkeypox in NigeriaNovember 30, 2021• Travelers to Nigeria should avoid contact with sick people, animals such as rodents (rats, squirrels) and non-human primates (monkeys, chimpanzees), products that come from wild animals (including wild game), and contaminated materials (such as clothing or bedding) used by sick people or animals.Read More >>
  • Malaria in BurundiSeptember 30, 2021There is a malaria epidemic in Burundi, a country in central Africa. To prevent malaria infection, travelers should take prescription medicine and take steps to prevent mosquito bites.Read More >>
  • Leishmaniasis in ChadSeptember 30, 2021There is an outbreak of visceral leishmaniasis in Chad. To prevent leishmaniasis, avoid sand fly bites.Read More >>
  • Rabies in HaitiSeptember 30, 2021Rabies in dogs is increasing in Haiti. To prevent rabies, travelers should avoid all contact with dogs and cats (including puppies and kittens) while in Haiti. Seek immediate medical attention for all animal bites or scratches.Read More >>
  • Monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the CongoSeptember 30, 2021There is an ongoing outbreak of monkeypox in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).Read More >>
  • Dengue in Africa and the Middle EastSeptember 30, 2021Dengue is a risk in many parts of Africa and the Middle East. Some countries are reporting increased numbers of cases of the disease. Travelers to Africa and the Middle East can protect themselves by preventing mosquito bites.Read More >>
  • XDR Typhoid Fever in PakistanSeptember 30, 2021An outbreak of extensively drug-resistant (XDR) typhoid fever in Pakistan is ongoing. Extensively drug-resistant infections do not respond to most antibiotics.Read More >

 

Updated 04/18/2022

 

 

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Wisconsin State Law requires the reporting of communicable diseases to the local Health Department. Report notifiable conditions to 414-423-2110.  Communicable disease can be reported by individuals, laboratories, or health care professionals. The law requires that public health nurses provide surveillance and investigation to prevent and control the spread of disease. Requirements for the timing of reporting, once the disease or condition is recognized or suspected, vary by disease. General reporting requirements are described in Wisconsin Statute Chapter 252, Communicable Diseases. The specific reporting requirements are described in Chapter DHS 145, Control of Communicable Diseases. A list of reportable conditions is provided in Chapter DHS 145 - Appendix A.

Some reportable diseases include: hepatitis, meningitis, pertussis (whooping cough), Lyme disease, tuberculosis, food and waterborne outbreaks, and sexually transmitted infections.  A Public Health Nurse will contact the individual, family and contacts to provide them with information and counseling about the disease. Public Health Nurses are available to answer questions that residents may have regarding a communicable disease. Fact sheets and pamphlets with information on specific diseases are also available on request.

The prevalence of communicable disease depends upon many environmental factors. For information on a specific communicable disease, please visit one of the following reputable websites: 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (www.cdc.gov) 

Wisconsin Department of Health Services (www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/communicable)